Ma Waeng Ton and Ma Waeng Krua (Chewajit : Issue 35 : 16 March 2000)


Ma Waeng Ton and Ma Waeng Krua (Chewajit : Issue 35 : 16 March 2000)

Ma Waeng Ton and Ma Waeng Krua are different herbs and vegetables. But in the same family Solanaceae, the maweng tree is also divided into 2 types, namely the thornless maweng (Solanum sanitwongsei Craib) and the thorny maweng (Solanum violaceum Ortega).
These two types of maweng trees have leaves and stems similar to eggplants, eggplants, aubergines, aubergines, etc., are classified as medium-sized shrubs. Approximately 100-150 cm tall, 2-5 years old, with short hairs, generally covered. Single, round, light green fruit. and some types of soft fruits are quite white When ripe, it turns orange. The fruit has a diameter of 1 cm. The fresh mangoes have a bitter taste.
Ma Waeng Kruea (Solanum trilobatum Linn.) Sometimes we call it Ma Waeng vine. It is a semi-evergreen shrub or stalk. Stems and leaves are dark green, smooth, shiny, reflective, with bright white thorns. Distributed throughout the stem and petioles, concave margins, round fruit when raw, light green. with green stripes lengthwise towards the pole When ripe, the fruit turns red. Ma Waeng Kruea flowers form a bouquet. fresh purple petals Anthers are bright yellow. Contrasting looks beautiful Fresh tamarind has a bitter taste similar to that of the original tamarind.
The flora of the family Solanum comprises approximately 1,500 species, most of them native to tropical and subtropical regions of Central America, South America, Australia, the Americas, and approximately 25 species native to Southeast Asia. Maweng trees are scattered from India all the way to Southeast Asia.
food utilization
Young fruit, burnt until cooked, eaten with larb, koi, fish meal (Northeastern region)
Young fruit eaten with mackerel chili paste (Central Region and Bangkok)
Fresh young fruit and ripe fruit are eaten fresh for cooking. Or use it as a seasonal food.
Local vegetables, Ban Isan, 1998 pp. 216 - 219 ; Prosea , Vegetables 8 , 1996 p.249-252)

medicinal properties of herbs
The root of this thorny mango tree is used to treat bronchitis and asthma. The seeds are used to treat toothaches.
Fresh thornless tamarind fruit is used to treat cough, expectorant, treat diabetes, and diuretic. Animal experiments have shown that The fruit juice has the effect of lowering blood sugar. but less potent short acting period The steroids were found to be quite high. should not be used for a long time
Herbs at Siri Rukkhachat Garden 1996)
Fresh Ma Waeng Krua fruit is the main ingredient in Prasa (Ingredients) Ma Waeng of the Government Pharmaceutical Organization, which is produced according to Recipe for common traditional home remedies

The main ingredient in traditional herbal medicine "Ma Waeng" of the Government Pharmaceutical Organization is 16 parts of Ma Waeng fruit, 4 parts of basil leaves (Basil leaves - carminative, relieve stomachache, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting). Kill parasites) 4 parts swan leaf (swaat leaf - carminative, relieve colic, cure urinary disability) head (rhizome) 3 parts turmeric rhizome (canary rhizome - cure diarrhea, vomiting, fever, mix in a laxative to make it less laxative, heal wounds) and 1 part alum

Suansiri Herb Rukkhachat, 1996 and from the sachet containing Ma Waeng herbal medicine of the Government Pharmaceutical Organization, produced on April 20, 1999)
Maweng Kruea, a textbook of Thai medicine, uses fresh fruit to cure cough, expel phlegm, use 4-10 sizes, pound or pound until crushed, squeeze out water, add a little salt, sip often or chew and swallow only the water until the bitter taste is gone. Fresh Ma Waeng Kruea fruit is used as a diuretic, antipyretic and as a bitter appetite suppressant.
Herbs Garden Sirirakchat, 1996, pages 190-191)

Three types of maweng, namely, thornless maweng (Solanum sanitwongsei Craib), thorny maweng (Solanum violaceum Ortega) and maweng krua (Solanum triobatum Linn.) have the same medicinal properties as cough, expectorant and appetite suppressant.
(Thai Vegetables-Thai Medicine, 1996, page 2)

flavor and health benefits
Fresh bitter gourd a little tasteless Aids appetite, nourishes the elements, expels wind, 100 g of fresh mangosteen fruit provides energy to the body 59 kcal, contains 3.3 g of fiber, 50 mg of calcium, 68 mg of phosphorus, 1 mg of iron, 1,383 IU of vitamin A, 0.04 mg of vitamin B1, 0.10 mg of vitamin B2, and 8.4 niacin. milligrams of vitamin C 6 milligrams
(Summary of the seminar Local vegetables, Isan natural food and Thai herbs, No. 3, 1998 p. 59, Sakon Nakhon Agricultural Research and Training Institute. Rajamangala Institute of Technology)

planting and care
Gooseberry is propagated by seeds. Birds are usually the spreader. Especially Ma Waeng Kruea will be found naturally around Bangkok, Petchburi, Nonthaburi and the surrounding provinces of Bangkok. In the provinces across the country, birds will be the distribution of the Ma Waeng tree species. both thorns and non-thorns in the manner of growing for sale or making herbal medicine It will be planted together as some business for the kitchen in the house. Not many people bring Ma Waeng to grow and eat as a vegetable. fresh fruit type but in the rural northeast Isan folk tend to consume mostly bitter-tasting vegetables. Therefore, it is not surprising that Isaan folk eat fresh mangoes as fresh vegetables. This thorny macaw takes a week or a little longer to germinate from seed. Ma Waeng will bloom when the tree is about 2-3 months old. The thorny Ma Waeng tree can be kept as a fresh fruit after blooming and fertilizing for about 2-4 weeks. The thorny Ma Waeng, one inflorescence, will bear fruit twice a year. -8 fruits. Ma Waeng trees can live longer than 1 year.

Sowing thistle seeds for propagation Should drop about 0.5-1 cm deep, the temperature at which the Ma Waeng plant grows well is 25-32 degrees Celsius, the relative humidity is 80 percent and about 50 percent shade. 2-3 true leaves and when the maweng plant is 15 - 20 cm in height in the planting bag therefore moved from the planting bag to the outdoor planting plot The planting distance between plants is 1 meter and the distance between rows is 1 meter apart.
If planted as a kitchen garden It should be planted in a dragon pot that is 17 inches in diameter and 15 inches deep. It is grown as an ornamental and as a medicinal plant in the home. If planting Maweng Khruea, you must make an arch for the tree. creeping in a semi-shade, semi-sun, so it will look beautiful and there is no danger from its thorns, for it gives up and grows as a way. The only enemy of the thorny maweng is the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne aenaria).
Source: Cheewajit : Issue 35 : 16 March 2000

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